Reliability assessment of measures used in HIV lipodystrophy.

by Rodrigo Brandao Cavalcanti

Written in English
Published: Pages: 90 Downloads: 515
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HIV-Lipodystrophy (HIV LD) describes a syndrome of body fat redistribution and metabolic abnormalities recognized in HIV-positive individuals receiving treatment. A standardized, reliable definition of HIV LD is needed to better study the epidemiology and for evaluation of potential treatments. This thesis examines the reproducibility of three measures commonly used in evaluating HIV LD: the Carr Lipodystrophy Questionnaire (LQ), body part circumferences, and DEXA estimations of body fat, and examines the correlation between LQ and DEXA. For the LQ, reproducibility was moderate to good for test-retest comparisons, but only fair to moderate for most items in inter-physician and patient-physician comparisons. Body circumferences and DEXA showed good reproducibility. Correlations between DEXA and the LQ were significant in some anatomical areas; however this was clouded by the weak reproducibility of the LQ. Standardized scoring instructions may help improve reproducibility of the LQ and allow more meaningful comparisons with DEXA.

The Physical Object
Pagination90 leaves.
Number of Pages90
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19215645M
ISBN 100494025034

Trouplin V, Salvatori F, Cappello F, et al. Determination of coreceptor usage of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 from patient plasma samples by using a recombinant phenotypic assay. J Virol. ;75(1) 9. Westby M, Lewis M, Whitcomb J, et al. Emergence of CXCR4-using human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1).   Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) has been proposed as a means to optimise response to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in HIV infection. Protease inhibitors (PIs) and the non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) efavirenz and nevirapine satisfy many criteria for TDM. In the postoperative period it is necessary to take measures for prevention of the following pegnancy complication: A Noncarrying of pregnancy B Intestinal obstruction C Fetus hypotrophy D Premature placenta detachment E Late gestosis 98 A year-old woman has had hyperpolymenorrhea and progressing algodismenorrhea for the last 10 years. Primary Care Guidelines for the Management of Persons Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Update by the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, Clinical Infectious Diseases, , pp. , 49/5, DOI: /Cited by:

Guidelines for Antiretroviral Therapy in Ghana, March Published on Jun 1, March National HIV/AIDS/ STI Control Programme Ministry of Health / Ghana Health Service 1. Saves M, Raffi F, Capeau J.(). Factors related to lipodystrophy and metabolic alterations in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis; Statistical Office- Zambia Demographic Health Survey (CS0-ZDH ) (DAD) Study Group ().   Abstract. Background: The relationship of obesity with risk for dementia is complex and may change with age. Objective: To analyze the relationship between measures of obesity at age 40–65 and dementia prevalence in survivors 36 years later. Methods: Obesity-related measures of triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness were assessed in in n = 9, Cited by: 1. this document, the Integrated Guidelines for Prevention, Testing, Care and Treatment of HIV/AIDS in Liberia. This document is a product of not only the efforts of the members of the Technical Working Group, but also reflects the contributions of many other individuals, groups, and institutions. We can not possibly begin to express ourFile Size: 6MB.

In this regard the report states: “The HIV test used in this study, as with all ELISA HIV tests, detects the presence of HIV antibodies in the oral fluid of the participant. Over 99% of people over the age of two years and who are infected with HIV will test positive on the ELISA because almost all PLWHA produce HIV antibodies” (page 32). EGRIFTA tm is the trade name used in the United States for tesamorelin for the reduction of excess abdominal fat in HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy. EGRIFTA tm is our trademark. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a lentivirus and it was first isolated in by Dr Montagnier, Dr Gallo on the other hand was the first scientist to propagate HIV into the cell line in (Goedert and Blattner ). It was evident during the time that HIV was certainly the causative agent for AIDS (Gallo & Montagnier ). The HIV Lipodystrophy Case Definition Study Group (including Ioannidis JPA as member of steering committee). An objective case definition of lipodystrophy in human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults. Lancet. , Ioannidis JP, Trikalinos TA, Ntzani EE, Contopoulos-Ioannidis DG.

Reliability assessment of measures used in HIV lipodystrophy. by Rodrigo Brandao Cavalcanti Download PDF EPUB FB2

A systematic review of reviews was conducted to identify and appraise brief measures of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) that have been used in peer-reviewed research with people living with HIV. The review was conducted in two stages: 1) search of electronic databases to identify systematic reviews of tools used to measure HRQoL in adults Cited by: Quality of life and body image in the assessment of psychological impact.

none of the most commonly used measures. HIV-associated lipodystrophy is. Download Citation | Methods for Assessing Body Composition in HIV-Associated Lipodystrophy | Nutritional consequences are an important component of HIV disease. More so. Side effects from HIV treatments impact quality of life (QOL) and adherence to care, and influence decisions about health care.

The purposes of this study are to describe the development of a measure of coping with HIV treatment side effects, the SECope, and to provide support for the reliability and validity of the by: Quality of life has been proposed as the fourth 90 to complement the UNAIDS targets to monitor the global HIV response, highlighting a need to address the holistic needs of people living with HIV beyond viral suppression.

This proposal has instigated a wider discussion about the use of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to improve the treatment and care of an ageing HIV Cited by: 1. Anuurad E, Semrad A, Berglund L.

Human immunodeficiency virus and highly active antiretroviral therapy-associated metabolic disorders and risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

Metab Syndr Relat Disord. ; 7 (5)– doi: /met [PMC free article]Cited by: HIV/AIDS in China can be traced to an initial outbreak of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) first recognized in among injecting drug users along China's southern border.

Figures from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, World Health Organization, and UNAIDS estimate that there were million people living with HIV/AIDS in China at the end. Following an approach similar to that used in the WHO report on tools for operational research, 52 measures were classified as core PROs, which target HRQoL and related concepts, and more PROs, which focus on specific aspects of people's experience with HIV and lifestyle risk behaviours, as well as outcomes related to stigma and ageing with by: 1.

Patient Adherence to Medical Regimens. Updated 11/25/ The following is a listing of published articles applying or analyzing the index of patient compliance with medical regimens, as first presented and analyzed in the following four articles, validating verbal answers against blood pressures for estimating or predicting patient adherence behavior.

While combination antiretroviral therapy has extended the life expectancy of those infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), there is a high prevalence of comorbidities that increase the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).

The side effects associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) lead to multiple Cited by: This methodological study was designed to assess the psychometric properties of a relatively new HIV-specific quality of life questionnaire, the Multidimensional Quality of Life Questionnaire for Persons Living with HIV or with AIDS (MQOL-HIV), in a cohort of Canadian, HIV-infected women.

The study was prompted by an identified lack of information regarding the validity and reliability. Assessment. The higher the viral load, the higher the risk of decrease in CD4 T cells, with subsequent disease progression or occurrence of AIDS-related illnesses (MellorsLylesPhillips ).

Clearly, psychosocial predictors of engagement and retention in care in youth with HIV require further study. Assessment of antiretroviral treatment adherence. Unlike many chronic conditions, the relationship between adherence measures and health outcomes in HIV is quite strong (Simoni et al., ).

Side effects from HIV treatments impact quality of life (QOL) and adherence to care, and influence decisions about health care. The purposes of this study are to describe the development of a measure of coping with HIV treatment side effects, the SECope, and to provide support for the reliability and validity of the measure.

HIV negative women who used PrEP for safe conception with HIV positive men. Methods: In this cohort study, HIV negative women in serodiscordant relationships who desired PrEP for conception at one of 4 medical centers in the U.S. (Boston University, Drexel University College of Medicine, John Hopkins University and Northwestern University) wereFile Size: 6MB.

As of March Immune Therapeutics to Run FDA-sanctioned Phase 3 Trial. A meeting held in Januarybetween Immune Therapeutics, Inc. and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) discussed future measures in the development of LDN (Brand name: Lodonal) as an oral once-a-day supplementary treatment to the standard of care for moderate to severe Crohn’s.

Growth hormone has been used in different studies in patients with achondroplasia in order to ameliorate their height, and short-term results ranged from rather positive to moderate.

However, disproportionate advancement of bone age has been observed that can compromise the positive effect of such treatment. Evidence-based guidelines for the management of persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were prepared by an expert panel of the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

These updated guidelines replace those published in Cited by: Abbott's RealTime HIV‐1 assay measures HIV‐1 RNA (viral load, VL) from 40 c/mL to 10, c/mL, and provides qualitative target detected (TD) or target not detected (TND) for VL.

Background While combination antiretroviral therapy has extended the life expectancy of those infected with human immunodeficiency virus Both groups received an evidence-based book on healthful Short-term exercise training improves body composition and hyperlipidaemia in HIV-positive individuals with lipodystrophy.

AIDS. 15 (15 Cited by: Dove Press is a member of the Open Access Initiative, specializing in peer reviewed Medical Journals. View articles or submit your research for publishing.

Pandori MW, Hackett J Jr, Louie B, Vallari A, Dowling T, Liska S, Klausner JD. Assessment of the ability of a fourth-generation immunoassay for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody and p24 antigen to detect both acute and recent HIV infections in a high-risk setting.

J Clin Microbiol. ;   In total, 49 studies were included for further analysis. The instruments used to measure HRQoL were various: Medical Outcomes Study Short Form or variants, Medical Outcomes Study-HIV, HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study measure, Multidimensional Quality of Life Questionnaire, HIV targeted quality of life instrument, Functional Assessment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Cited by: The book presents a detailed assessment of the health science of lead and the human health risk assessment models for lead's human health impacts, followed by an account of various regulatory efforts in the United States and elsewhere to eliminate or reduce human toxic exposures to lead.

The organization used in the book is based on Walter. A home-based exercise intervention to increase physical activity among people living with HIV: study design of a randomized clinical trial Jason R Jaggers, 1, 5 Wesley Dudgeon, 2 Steven N Blair, 1, 4 Xuemei Sui, 1 Stephanie Burgess, 3 Sara Wilcox, Cited by: Furthermore, in the case of the 12 Drosophila genomes proteins and commonly used alignment programs, most of the inferences are false positives, caused by misaligned codons.

These results put into question the reliability of some of the previously reported conclusions on adaptation in these proteins, as well as in similar studies of other species. The Karnofsky Performance Status Scale (KPS) is widely used to quantify the functional status of cancer patients.

However, limited data exist documenting its reliability and validity. The KPS is used in the National Hospice Study (NHS) as both a Cited by: needs assessment - middle and upper income adults. two separate but similar forms of the same test at the same time.

reliability determined by the degree to which the sets of scores coincide. measures oxygen consumed affected by: sex (women have % lower BMR), age, body composition, body surface area, endocrine glands (thyroid).

• All HIV-positive persons should be counselled about the high risk of transmission, preventive measures, and importance of notifying partners.

i HIV-1 RNA becomes detectable in plasma around day 11 after expo-sure, approximately 7 days. In the final chapter of the book, Chap the authors look at HIV and mental health, looking both at mental disorders as possible risk factors for HIV and at the mental health consequences of having HIV/AIDS.

The book has attempted to reflect the diversity of perspectives, by including authors from various disciplines, such as psychology. D Chow, A Grandinetti, R Wood.

Autonomic dysfunction in HIV lipodystrophy 3rd annual conference of specialized centers in Neuroscience. Honolulu, HI, August M Frisard, JP DeLany, CM King, R Wood, E Ravussin.

Validation of the Reduced Continuous Scale- Physical Functional Performance Test (CS-PFP10) by Doubly Labeled Water. Worsening hypertriglyceridemia with oral contraceptive pills in an adolescent with HIV-associated lipodystrophy: a case report and review of the literature; Congenital hyperinsulinism in a newborn with a novel homozygous mutation () in the gene; Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome type I – a novel AIRE mutation in a North American patientCited by: 8.The high level of intrarater reliability demonstrated in this study for measurements above the umbilicus concurs with previously reported results for both the calipers 7, 11 and USI.

21 Therefore, given these intrarater reliability and validity results, we are confident that calipers can be used as an accurate assessment of IRD for locations Cited by: